Why does vein disease occur?
The underlying cause of most vein problems is a phenomenon known as "venous reflux." Venous reflux refers to the condition in which blood in a vein or a group of veins flows backwards (away from the heart), causing blood to accumulate in the veins.
Symptoms of vein disease
Symptoms of vein problems vary widely depending on severity. Some individuals only have cosmetic symptoms while others may experience intense pain and even skin ulcers. Modern vein treatments are fully capable of addressing most cosmetic symptoms, and may improve more medically significant symptoms as well.
Spider veins, also called "telangiectasia," are clusters of small red, blue, or purple colored capillary veins on the surface of the legs. They can occur independently of varicose veins and other symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency.
Varicose veins are veins that have become large and twisted, most commonly occurring in the veins of the surface of the leg. Visibly enlarged veins may be accompanied by one or more additional symptoms, including pain, swelling, skin discoloration, aching legs, and cramping.
Venous Insufficiency & Open Wounds
As vein disease progresses and more veins are affected, the leg may become swollen while the skin becomes firm and discolored due to the insufficient flow and accumulation of blood in the veins. If left untreated, vein disease can lead to open wounds, also known as venous leg ulcers.