What are Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are veins that have become large and twisted, most commonly occurring in the veins of the surface of the leg. Visibly enlarged veins may be accompanied by one or more additional symptoms, including pain, swelling, skin discoloration, aching legs, and cramping.¹⁻³
What can Happen if Varicose Veins are Left Untreated?
If left untreated, varicose veins may worsen and extend to the deep veins, causing blood to accumulate throughout the veins of the entire leg. Stagnant blood in the leg can cause darkening of the skin, itchiness, pain, swelling, and even ulcers in severe cases.¹⁻³
Individuals with varicose veins are also more susceptible to blood clots due to stagnant and turbulent flow in the superficial veins. In rare instances, blood clots can extend into the deep veins leading to Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).⁴
How are Varicose Veins Treated?
Conservative management for varicose veins consists of lifestyle changes and the use of compression stockings to ease the movement of blood through the veins. Lifestyle changes include exercising, weight loss, not wearing tight clothes, elevating your legs, and avoiding long periods of standing or sitting. While these techniques often improve symptoms, they do not address the damaged veins.³
Surgical techniques, such as ligation and vein stripping, can be used to remove large varicose veins using multiple incisions.³
Minimally invasive vein treatments, such as VenaSeal™, thermal vein closure, and ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy shut down varicose veins, allowing blood to flow through healthy vessels. These minimally invasive therapies have proven to be more effective than conservative management in the treatment of varicose veins, with less pain and quicker recovery time than surgical techniques.³
As part of our commitment to providing the Dallas area with the highest quality vein care, the Dallas Vein Institute only offers state of the art minimally invasive vein treatments to maximize vein health and patient comfort. Follow this link to learn more about varicose vein treatments.
 Eberhardt and Raffetto (2014). Contemporary Views in Cardiovascular Medicine: Chronic Venous Insufficiency. Circulation. 2014;130:333-346.
 Cesarone MR et al. (2002). ‘Real’ epidemiology of varicose veins and chronic venous diseases: the San Valentino Vascular Screening Project. Angiology 2002; 53: 119–130.
 Meissner, M. H. (2016). What is effective care for varicose veins? Phlebology, 31(1_suppl), 80–87.
 Heit, J., Silverstein, M., David, M., Petterson, T. M., Fallon, W. M. O., & Melton III, J. (2000). Risk Factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Archives of Internal Medicine, 160, 809–815.